Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD)

This represents a large group of lung diseases which affect the interstitium, part of the lung structure which in a lace-like network extends throughout both lungs.  Within the interstitium are tiny blood vessels which enable gas exchange between blood and the air into the lungs.

All forms of interstitial lung disease cause thickening of the interstitium which could be caused by inflammation, scarring or fluid.  Some forms of interstitial lung disease are short-lived whilst others are chronic and irreversible.

There are many causes which can include bacteria, viruses and fungi which can lead to interstitial pneumonias.  Regular exposure to inhaled irritants in the workplace can also cause other forms of interstitial lung disease and such irritants might include:

  • Asbestos
  • Silica dust
  • Talc
  • Coal dust or metal dusts
  • Grain dust from farming
  • Bird proteins

Other types of interstitial lung disease include:

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis:  which is a chronic, progressive form of fibrosis (scarring) of the interstitium which is of an unknown cause.

Asbestosis:  which is caused by asbestos dust exposure.

Nonspecific interstitial pneumonitis:  which is often present with autoimmune conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or scleroderma.

Sarcoidosis: which can cause swollen lymph nodes and sometimes affect heart, skin, nerve, or eye involvement.

If you have been diagnosed with COPD or you are undergoing medical investigations and mention has been made that your condition could be work-related please call us today on FREEPHONE 0808 164 7740 or speak to us via our LIVE CHAT.

If you prefer you can forward a copy of any correspondence to us, (including medical report, letter, scan or x-ray report etc) in a plain envelope addressed to ‘Freepost SCOTTISH ASBESTOS HELPLINE’ – please remember no stamp is required.  Alternatively you might wish to email us at

Your solicitors can deal with your enquiry even if you were employed or exposed to asbestos in England, Ireland or Wales

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